Yalta History

Before booking cheap hotel in Yalta or the Black Sea cruise vacation, here is the perfect way to travel back in time to old world charm Yalta - the Crimean resort town.

Small town in south-eastern coast of the Crimea peninsula, part of the territory of Ukraine, Crimea is now a holiday resort area, with a mild climate and the attractions of the Black Sea waters, triggered by rising mountains behind. In the Russian mind his name is closely related to the writer Anton Chekhov, who came to live here at the end of 1890.

There is a settlement at Yalta since time immemorial. In the fifth century BC, when Pericles ruled Athens, Greece established a small colony here Yalita coated and variations of the name used by those who came later. When the Crusaders marched in Oruent in the Middle Ages, where it gets into the hands of Genoa, who built a small fort called Gialita, then captured by the Turks, and named Jalita. In 1783 Russia won the Crimea from the Turks and the name Yalta appeared for the first time on a map of the Russian Empire. At that time there were only eighteen houses there.

Half a century later, in 1838, Governor General of Ukraine and Moldovia, Prince Mikhail Vorontsov, Yalta given city charter. Prince Mikhail was an extraordinary figure: he was educated in London, where his father was Ambassador to Russia, and has joined the Russian army in 1803, won a well-known for his courage and military leadership during the 1812 war against Napoleon. As Governor General of southern Russia he did much to revive the vine growing and wine making have developed under Greek.

When the royal family of large tracts of land adapted to the west of the town, about 740acres, Yalta soon became popular. The mild climate, abundant rainfall and sunshine light is especially attractive for the sick and healing, and towards the end of the nineteenth century Yalta has about 10,000 permanent residents, while at least doubling the number of people who come every year just to enjoy themselves. Chekhov point, not without irony, to "the two most obvious display smart Yalta crowd: middle-aged woman dressed like a young woman, and a lot of great general ..."

The author himself moved to town in 1989 and there wrote his play The Three Sisters (1901) and The Cherry Orchard (1904) and several well-known short stories. The Yalta suffered a terrible earthquake in June 1927, followed by the devastation of World War II when Soviet troops withdrew from the Crimea on 19 941 and retake the peninsula in the spring of 1944. Along the coast to the west of the city center is Livadia, the royal enclave that helped make the Yalta was so popular in the last century. Here Alexsander III gives a summer palace built for him, designed by Monighetti, where he died in 1894. Present the white palace, standing in a park famous for its magnificent 1000 year old oak, is the rebuilding by Krasnov for Nikolai II in 1910-1911. This is where the Yalta Conference of the Big Three held in February 1945, when Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin discuss the future of Europe after the defeat of Germany will occur and reach an agreement on setting up the UN. This palace is now a museum and in the vast space is still a round table where Allied leaders held. Eastwards along the coast is a center of wine-making Massandra, famous for its port wine. Founded over 150 years, it relies on both time-proven, traditional methods and the latest scientific techniques - has its own research centers - to produce fine wine fortified. Also not far from the city center is a medieval Armenian church and the palace of Emir of Bukhara, built in 1903 by Moorish style.

Moving further from Yalta, there are beautiful mountains and valleys of the Crimea to be explored. The road to the airport past the waterfall Uchan-su, nearly 100 meters (300 feet) drop and awesome after a heavy rainfall, while further north-eastern outskirts of Ai-Petri plateau is dotted with many caves, some of them believed to be as deep 400 meters (1280feet). The most beautiful of all is the route through the valley Belbek, where traces of Mesolithic settlements dot the slopes of steep mountains, and jutting rocks line the narrow gorge called the Gate of Belbek. Approximately 40 kilometers (25 miles) north lies Bakhchisarai, City of Gardens, which for centuries was the capital of Crimea, here is the old monasteries and temples, and palaces, now museums, once praised by the poet.

The modern Yalta - holiday resort - has a population of 140,000. Four times that number swells during the summer when visitors come to stay at the hotel 11 fashionable and 144 sanatoriums for people with certain diseases of the lungs. Two beaches in Yalta awarded a Blue Flag in May 2010 by the Commonwealth of Independent States. Most of the tourists here are former Soviet citizens and foreigners mostly from Europe and the United States. At night the streets are crowded coast, stretching for several kilometers either side of the city, serves as a place to gather and talk, to see and be seen. The city has a cinema, theater, many restaurants, the market is open seven days and the Chekhov museum.